Hannigan & Gonzalez

Volume 16, Issue 1, January 2019

Doctoral Faculty Teaching Online: A Qualitative Understanding of Methods to Improve Online Teaching

 Jessica Hannigan, California State University, Fresno
 Juan Carlos Gonzalez, California State University, Fresno


Digital learning practices and methodologies have become common practice in the 21st century. Sixteen doctoral students participated in a qualitative survey to address how online instructors can improve their online pedagogy. This study’s purpose was to understand online learners’ perceptions about effective and challenging online student collaboration practices. Findings included: (a) online methods that foster student collaboration, (b) collaborative and meaningful online projects, and (c) online collaboration challenges. This article concludes with recommendations for practice.


Distance learning, doctoral education, online education, student collaboration

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