Benjakul

Instructional Design Based on Constructionism for Enhancing Higher-Order Thinking Skills of Learners in an Online Learning Context

Sueksa Benjakul, Nakhon Si Thammarat Rajabhat University

https://doi.org/10.9743/JEO.2023.20.3.5

Abstract

Teachers use instructional design to solve problems and creatively develop and implement various concepts, theories, and techniques to design and manage the elements of teaching and learning and assess learning outcomes that are generally accepted according to Bloom’s taxonomy, in which the cognitive domains of lower-order thinking connect to higher-order thinking. Teachers apply various learning theories that are appropriate for efficient and effective learning management. Constructionism can be used as a guideline to enhance a learning process that develops thinking and responds to the interests and needs of individual learners. This article proposes a synthesis of the elements of constructionism as a guideline to design instruction that emphasizes the enhancement of the higher-order thinking skills of learners, supports a more varied instructional design for teachers, and integrates technology-based learning, especially in an online learning context. It also proposes some applicable models and processes as practical guidelines for instructional design to support learners’ learning environments and develop core competencies and skills for the 21st century and beyond. 

Keywords: Constructionism, instructional design, higher-order thinking skills, online learning


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